• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Fifty-Ninth Congress: March 4, 1905, to March 3, 1907
Fifty-ninth Congress: March 4, 1905, to March 3, 1907
  • First session—December 4, 1905, to June 30, 1906
  • Second session—December 3, 1906, to March 3, 1907
  • Special session of the Senate—March 4, 1905, to March 18, 1905
  • (Second administration of Theodore Roosevelt, 1905–1909)
Historical Background

As a president elected in his own right, and armed with an overwhelming mandate, Theodore Roosevelt aggressively pursued more progressive policies following his 1905 inauguration. At President Roosevelt's urging, the first Employers' Liability Law was enacted, restricting use of common law defenses in compensation suits brought against railroads engaged in interstate and foreign commerce by employees injured while on the job. Eighteen months later, the U.S. Supreme Court declared the statute unconstitutional because it covered employees of interstate ...

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