• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Fifty-Fourth Congress: March 4, 1895, to March 3, 1897
Fifty-fourth Congress: March 4, 1895, to March 3, 1897
  • First session—December 2, 1895, to June 11, 1896
  • Second session—December 7, 1896, to March 3, 1897
  • (Second administration of Grover Cleveland, 1893–1897)
Historical Background

Republicans regained control of Congress as a result of the 1894 midterm elections in one of the largest congressional realignments in history. Twenty-four states did not have a single Democratic member of Congress and six others states had only one, as the continuing depression and conflicting sectional differences left the Democratic Party in disarray. During President Grover Cleveland's final two years in office, even a sizable number of the Democratic minority felt little allegiance to his administration.

President Cleveland did, however, gain congressional support for resolving an eight-decades-old dispute ...

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