• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Fifth Congress: March 4, 1797, to March 3, 1799
Fifth Congress: March 4, 1797, to March 3, 1799
  • First session—May 15, 1797, to July 10, 1797
  • Second session—November 13, 1797, to July 16, 1798
  • Third session—December 3, 1798, to March 3, 1799
  • Special sessions of the Senate—March 4, 1797; July 17, 1798, to July 19, 1798
  • (Administration of John Adams, 1797–1801)
Historical Background

John Adams, who served as George Washington's vice president, became president in 1797. Efforts at a reconciliation between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans collapsed due to renewed foreign policy differences. France, angered by the Jay Treaty with Great Britain, broke off commercial relations with the United States in May 1797 and refused to receive the U.S. minister. Furthermore, French privateers continued to harass American merchant ships. A three-member U.S. ...

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