• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Forty-Sixth Congress: March 4, 1879, to March 3, 1881
Forty-sixth Congress: March 4, 1879, to March 3, 1881
  • First session—March 18, 1879, to July 1, 1879
  • Second session—December 1, 1879, to June 16, 1880
  • Third session—December 6, 1880, to March 3, 1881
  • (Administration of Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877–1881)
Historical Background

At the outset of the Forty-sixth Congress, Democrats sought to eliminate federal supervision of elections through repeal of the Force Acts. They viewed these enactments as an inappropriate intrusion of the Civil War and Reconstruction era. According to Ari Hoogenboom, they reasoned that repeal of the Force Acts would assure the selection of a Democrat as president in 1880.1 President Rutherford B. Hayes, however, considered the laws critical in preventing fraud, intimidation, and violence in federal elections and in upholding voting ...

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