• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Forty-Fourth Congress: March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877
Forty-fourth Congress: March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1877
  • First session—December 6, 1875, to August 15, 1876
  • Second session—December 4, 1876, to March 3, 1877
  • Special session of the Senate—March 5, 1875, to March 24, 1875
  • (Second administration of Ulysses S. Grant, 1873–1877)
Historical Background

Before he died in July 1875, Andrew Johnson, the only former president to be elected senator, took part in a special Senate session called in March 1875 to act on a treaty with the Hawaiian Islands. Johnson joined with the majority who foresaw the political and strategic advantages in supporting the Hawaiian Reciprocity Treaty negotiated by Ulysses S. Grant's secretary of state, Hamilton Fish. The debate, however, quickly turned to the Grant administration's heavy-handed policies in occupied ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles