• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Thirty-Eighth Congress: March 4, 1863, to March 3, 1865
Thirty-eighth Congress: March 4, 1863, to March 3, 1865
  • First session—December 7, 1863, to July 4, 1864
  • Second session—December 5, 1864, to March 3, 1865
  • Special session of the Senate—March 4, 1863, to March 14, 1863
  • (First administration of Abraham Lincoln, 1861–1865)
Historical Background

The years 1863 and 1864 saw the tide of battle slowly turn against the Confederacy, as the Union brought its overwhelming advantages in manpower and materiel to bear against southern armies and Lincoln finally found the right combination of military leadership: Ulysses S. Grant in the east and William Tecumseh Sherman in the west. In the east, Lee crushed another federal invasion at Chancellorsville, Virginia, in May 1863, and then exploited his advantage with an invasion of Pennsylvania ...

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