• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Thirty-Seventh Congress: March 4, 1861, to March 3, 1863
Thirty-seventh Congress: March 4, 1861, to March 3, 1863
  • First session—July 4, 1861, to August 6, 1861
  • Second session—December 2, 1861, to July 17, 1862
  • Third session—December 1, 1862, to March 3, 1863
  • Special session of the Senate—March 4, 1861, to March 28, 1861
  • (First administration of Abraham Lincoln, 1861–1865)
Historical Background

Compromises to avoid a civil war were proposed prior to Abraham Lincoln's March 4, 1861, inauguration. A February peace conference attended by delegates from twenty-one states failed, however, to achieve a solution to the crisis, when representatives from both northern and southern states refused to make substantive concessions. President Lincoln, in his inaugural address, sought to assure the South that there would be no invasion and that he did not intend ...

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