• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Twenty-First Congress: March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1831
Twenty-first Congress: March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1831
  • First session—December 7, 1829, to May 31, 1830
  • Second session—December 6, 1830, to March 3, 1831
  • Special session of the Senate—March 4, 1829, to March 17, 1829
  • (First administration of Andrew Jackson, 1829–1833)
Historical Background

Jacksonian Democrats captured the presidency and both houses of Congress in the 1828 elections, but their often-conflicting state and sectional differences left it unclear as to how many members could be counted as firm supporters by the new administration. Toasts by President Andrew Jackson and Vice President John C. Calhoun at an April 1830 Jefferson Day dinner revealed their differing positions regarding Jackson's support for nationalism and Calhoun's devotion to states' rights. The breach, which ultimately resulted in ...

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