• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Twentieth Congress: March 4, 1827, to March 3, 1829
Twentieth Congress: March 4, 1827, to March 3, 1829
  • First session—December 3, 1827, to May 26, 1828
  • Second session—December 1, 1828, to March 3, 1829
  • (Administration of John Quincy Adams, 1825–1829)
Historical Background

By the onset of the Twentieth Congress, anti-administration Jacksonians controlled both houses of Congress. Following the congressional elections of 1826, administration supporters were outnumbered in the Senate 28 to 20 and in the House 119 to 94. Jacksonian supporters embarked on a vigorous campaign to secure the popular vote of the critical states needed to ensure victory in the 1828 presidential election. Critical to this effort was the ability of Jacksonians in Congress to draft a tariff bill that would satisfy the manufactures and farmers of the northern ...

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