• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Eighteenth Congress: March 4, 1823, to March 3, 1825
Eighteenth Congress: March 4, 1823, to March 3, 1825
  • First session—December 1, 1823, to May 27, 1824
  • Second session—December 6, 1824, to March 3, 1825
  • (Second administration of James Monroe, 1821–1825)
Historical Background

As the possibility of European intervention in Latin America and Russian expansion into Oregon Territory grew stronger in 1823, President James Monroe consulted with former presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, as well as his cabinet, on an appropriate American response. Ultimately, Monroe chose to issue a policy statement that was included in his annual message of December 2. The Monroe Doctrine declared that (1) the American continents should “henceforth not be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers,” (2) any attempt on the part ...

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