• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Seventeenth Congress: March 4, 1821, to March 3, 1823
Seventeenth Congress: March 4, 1821, to March 3, 1823
  • First session—December 3, 1821, to May 8, 1822
  • Second session—December 2, 1822, to March 3, 1823
  • (Second administration of James Monroe, 1821–1825)
Historical Background

Partisan politics reemerged in the Seventeenth Congress. During the election of 1820, James Monroe had run virtually unopposed. By December 1821, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, William H. Crawford, and Andrew Jackson had all announced their candidacies to succeed Monroe three years hence. The Monroe administration, and particularly Secretary of State Adams and Secretary of War Calhoun, came under increasing criticism from supporters of Clay, Crawford, and Jackson. When it subsequently became apparent that President Monroe would not support the candidacy of Treasury Secretary Crawford, ...

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