• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A manual offering information on the most important laws and treaties approved by Congress in more than 200 years since the first session in 1789. Each Congress is covered in a separate chapter introduced by a historical essay setting the actions of the legislators in the context of their times.

Eleventh Congress: March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1811
Eleventh Congress: March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1811
  • First session—May 22, 1809, to June 28, 1809
  • Second session—November 27, 1809, to May 1, 1810
  • Third session—December 3, 1810, to March 3, 1811
  • Special session of the Senate—March 4, 1809, to March 7, 1809
  • (First administration of James Madison, 1809–1813)
Historical Background

On April 19, 1809, a little more than a month after his inauguration, James Madison issued a presidential proclamation renewing trade with Great Britain, as authorized by the Nonintercourse Act. Enthusiasm over Madison's action was short-lived, however, when London denounced the negotiations between the president and the British minister in Washington as unacceptable. As the year progressed, economic conditions continued to worsen and the president's posture toward England hardened. By 1810, ...

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