International Conflict: Logic and Evidence is based on the premise that proper understanding of international conflict - a necessary prerequisite for achieving peace - can come only from logic and evidence, not from opinion and anecdote. This groundbreaking book introduces students to international conflict's key theories and empirical research. Throughout the text, author Stephen L. Quackenbush gives examples that enable readers to see the theory in real-world events, and provides the data from the most recent research. Covering the entire process of interstate war, from causes of conflict to escalation, conduct, resolution, and recurrence, the book provides readers with a fascinating, thorough study that will help them understand how international conflict works.

Chapter 12: War Termination and Consequences

War Termination and Consequences

War termination and consequences

Diplomats and officers of Germany, their Central Powers allies, and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ratifying the exit of Russia from World War I. The origins of this treaty provide important lessons regarding war termination.

Source: Mondadori via Getty Images

The process of war identified by Bremer (1995) and discussed in chapter 1 provides the basic framework for our analysis of international conflict in this book. After examining various causes of conflict and the escalation of disputes to war, we focused on the duration and outcomes of war in the previous chapter. A basic assumption in both topics is that each war will end at some point. But ...

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