Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.
NAACP v. Button
Decided January 14, 1963
371 U.S. 415
Litigation can be a form of political expression protected by the First Amendment. The First Amendment right of association protects legal advocacy. A state law that prohibits organizations from seeking out nonmembers to file lawsuits is unconstitutional under the First Amendment.
In the wake of the Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision desegregating public schools in 1954, southern states looked for ways to punish and destroy the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the noted civil rights group that was behind the school litigation (see Brown v. Board of Education). Some states attacked the tax-exempt status of the organization, while others demanded local chapters’ membership lists.
Another anti-NAACP strategy was undertaken in ...