Acclaimed by researchers, students, and general readers, this informative, lively, and easy-to-use volume fills the public need for information about key recent and historical cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Now significantly updated, this new edition includes all the new major cases-over twenty five in total-handed down by the Court since the first edition was published in 2000. The new entries include many high-profile cases that have stirred public controversy, including: Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000), granting the right to exclude homosexuals from leadership positions in the Boy Scouts; Bush v. Gore (2000), ceasing ballot recounts in the 2000 presidential election; PGA Tour v. Martin (2001), obliging the PGA to accommodate a disabled golfer; Lawrence v. Texas (2003), stating that a law criminalizing same-sex sodomy violates due process; Gratz/Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), stating that an affirmative action program to achieve diversity in universities may or may not violate the equal protection clause, depending on how it's implemented. In each of the over 100 cases summarized, author Tony Mauro succinctly describes the decision, provides background and facts of the case, the vote and highlights of the decision with verbatim excerpts, and, in conclusion, discusses the long-term impact of the decision on United States citizens and U.S. society. Topic search aids let readers easily trace the evolution and impact of rulings in particular issue areas. Added features also enhance the volume, including many new portraits, political cartoons, and drawings, a comprehensive bibliography and an easy-to-access case/subject index. A perfect starting point for research on Supreme Court decisions, this newly updated volume is an essential addition to every public, high school, and college library.
Lee v. Weisman
Lee v. Weisman
Decided June 24, 1992
505 U.S. 577
Public schools may not include prayer as part of official graduation ceremonies. Because the prayer is officially sanctioned and solicited by school officials, and because students attending may feel coerced into listening or participating, the graduation prayer violates the First Amendment, which bars government establishment of religion.
The Supreme Court did not end the national debate over prayer in the public schools with its rulings in the early 1960s in Engel v. Vitale and School District of Abington v. Schempp. (See School District of Abington Township v. Schempp.) Those highly controversial rulings struck down state-sponsored or teacher-led prayers and Bible readings on the grounds that they violated the establishment clause of the First Amendment, which bars government ...