• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Kazakhstan: 1991–2012
Kazakhstan: 1991–2012
Kazakhstan Year by Year
YearMediaGovernment
1991Not FreeAnocracy
1992Not FreeAnocracy
1993Not FreeAnocracy
1994Not FreeAnocracy
1995Not FreeAnocracy
1996Not FreeAnocracy
1997Not FreeAnocracy
1998Not FreeAnocracy
1999Not FreeAnocracy
2000Not FreeAnocracy
2001Not FreeAnocracy
2002Not FreeAutocracy
2003Not FreeAutocracy
2004Not FreeAutocracy
2005Not FreeAutocracy
2006Not FreeAutocracy
2007Not FreeAutocracy
2008Not FreeAutocracy
2009Not FreeAutocracy
2010Not FreeAutocracy
2011Not FreeAutocracy
2012Not FreeAutocracy
In Brief

Some effort is occasionally made to feign or mimic the superficial trappings of democratic governance, but Kazakhstan is a dictatorship that strictly controls the media.

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