Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Ecuador: 1948–2012

Ecuador: 1948–2012
Ecuador Year by Year
YearMediaGovernment
1948Not FreeAnocracy
1949Not FreeAnocracy
1950Not FreeAnocracy
1951Not FreeAnocracy
1952Not FreeAnocracy
1953Not FreeAnocracy
1954Not FreeAnocracy
1955Not FreeAnocracy
1956Not FreeAnocracy
1957FreeAnocracy
1958FreeAnocracy
1959FreeAnocracy
1960FreeAnocracy
1961FreeAnocracy
1962FreeAnocracy
1963FreeAnocracy
1964FreeAnocracy
1965FreeAnocracy
1966FreeAnocracy
1967FreeAnocracy
1968FreeAnocracy
1969FreeAnocracy
1970FreeAnocracy
1971FreeAnocracy
1972Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1973Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1974Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1975Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1976Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1977Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1978Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1979Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1980Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1981Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1982Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1983Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1984Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1985Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1986Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1987Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1988FreeDemocracy
1989FreeDemocracy
1990FreeDemocracy
1991FreeDemocracy
1992FreeDemocracy
1993FreeDemocracy
1994FreeDemocracy
1995FreeDemocracy
1996FreeDemocracy
1997FreeDemocracy
1998FreeDemocracy
1999FreeDemocracy
2000FreeDemocracy
2001FreeDemocracy
2002Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2003Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2004Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2005Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2006Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2007Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2008Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2009Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2010Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2011Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2012Not FreeAnocracy

Media Freedom History in a Nutshell

  • Ecuador's history of political instability has often led to a contentious relationship between government and news media
  • Although most news media outlets are independently owned, journalists who criticize the government have faced threats, fines, and imprisonment
  • The Communication Organic Law passed in 2013 gave the government new authority to regulate news media and punish journalists
  • As of 2011, Ecuador had 47 daily newspapers with an average circulation per issue of 697,000 (World Association of Newspaper's 2012 World Newspaper Trends)
  • Radio is the ...
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