• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Brazil: 1948–2012
Brazil: 1948–2012
Brazil Year by Year
YearMediaGovernment
1948FreeAnocracy
1949FreeAnocracy
1950FreeAnocracy
1951FreeAnocracy
1952FreeAnocracy
1953FreeAnocracy
1954FreeAnocracy
1955FreeAnocracy
1956FreeAnocracy
1957FreeAnocracy
1958FreeDemocracy
1959FreeDemocracy
1960FreeDemocracy
1961FreeAnocracy
1962Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1963Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1964Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1965Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
1966Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
1967Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
1968Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
1969Not FreeAutocracy
1970Not FreeAutocracy
1971Not FreeAutocracy
1972Not FreeAutocracy
1973Not FreeAutocracy
1974Not FreeAnocracy
1975Not FreeAnocracy
YearMediaGovernment
1976Not FreeAnocracy
1977Not FreeAnocracy
1978Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1979Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1980Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1981Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1982Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1983Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1984Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1985Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1986Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1987Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1988Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1989Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1990Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1991Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1992Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1993Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1994Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1995Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1996Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1997Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1998Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1999Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2000Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2001Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2002Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2003Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2004Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2005Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2006Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2007Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2008Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2009Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2010Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2011Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2012Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
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