Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1992–2012

Bosnia and Herzegovina: 1992–2012
Bosnia and Herzegovina Year by Year
1995Not FreeForeign Interruption
1996Not FreeForeign Interruption
1997Not FreeForeign Interruption
1998Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
1999Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2000Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2001Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2002Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2003Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2004Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2005Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2006Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2007Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2008Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2009Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2010Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2011Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption
2012Imperfectly FreeForeign Interruption

In Brief

Bosnia was left divided and traumatized by the bloody civil war that followed the dissolution of Yugoslavia. During the war only limited media were available, but some were able to function more or less freely. The post-war era saw a massive, externally supported effort to build a free and professional news media system, but success was limited.

Media Freedom History in a Nutshell

  • Civil war from 1992 to 1995 left the country divided and traumatized. During the war, ...
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