• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Zambia: 1964–2012
Zambia: 1964–2012
Zambia Year by Year
YearMediaGovernment
1964Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1965Not FreeAnocracy
1966Not FreeAnocracy
1967Not FreeAnocracy
1968Not FreeAnocracy
1969Not FreeAnocracy
1970Not FreeAnocracy
1971Not FreeAnocracy
1972Not FreeAutocracy
1973Not FreeAutocracy
1974Not FreeAutocracy
1975Not FreeAutocracy
1976Not FreeAutocracy
1977Not FreeAutocracy
1978Not FreeAutocracy
1979Not FreeAutocracy
1980Not FreeAutocracy
1981Not FreeAutocracy
1982Not FreeAutocracy
1983Not FreeAutocracy
1984Not FreeAutocracy
1985Not FreeAutocracy
1986Not FreeAutocracy
1987Not FreeAutocracy
1988Not FreeAutocracy
1989Not FreeAutocracy
1990Not FreeAutocracy
1991Not FreeDemocracy
1992Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1993Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1994Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1995Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1996Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1997Not FreeAnocracy
1998Not FreeAnocracy
1999Not FreeAnocracy
2000Not FreeAnocracy
2001Not FreeAnocracy
2002Not FreeAnocracy
2003Not FreeAnocracy
2004Not FreeAnocracy
2005Not FreeAnocracy
2006Not FreeAnocracy
2007Not FreeAnocracy
2008Not FreeDemocracy
2009Not FreeDemocracy
2010Not FreeDemocracy
2011Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2012Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
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