• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Uruguay: 1948–2012
Uruguay: 1948–2012
Uruguay Year by Year
YearMediaGovernment
1948FreeAnocracy
1949FreeAnocracy
1950FreeAnocracy
1951FreeAnocracy
1952FreeDemocracy
1953FreeDemocracy
1954FreeDemocracy
1955FreeDemocracy
1956FreeDemocracy
1957FreeDemocracy
1958FreeDemocracy
1959FreeDemocracy
1960FreeDemocracy
1961FreeDemocracy
1962FreeDemocracy
1963FreeDemocracy
1964FreeDemocracy
1965FreeDemocracy
1966FreeDemocracy
1967FreeDemocracy
1968Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1969Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1970Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1971Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1972Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1973Not FreeAutocracy
1974Not FreeAutocracy
1975Not FreeAutocracy
1976Not FreeAutocracy
1977Not FreeAutocracy
1978Not FreeAutocracy
1979Not FreeAutocracy
1980Not FreeAutocracy
1981Not FreeAutocracy
1982Not FreeAutocracy
1983Not FreeAutocracy
1984Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
1985FreeDemocracy
1986FreeDemocracy
1987FreeDemocracy
1988FreeDemocracy
1989FreeDemocracy
1990FreeDemocracy
1991FreeDemocracy
1992FreeDemocracy
1993FreeDemocracy
1994FreeDemocracy
1995FreeDemocracy
1996Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1997Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1998Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1999Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2000Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2001Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2002Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2003Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2004Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2005Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2006Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2007Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2008Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2009FreeDemocracy
2010FreeDemocracy
2011FreeDemocracy
2012FreeDemocracy
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