Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Turkey: 1948–2012

Turkey: 1948–2012
Turkey Year by Year
1948Not FreeDemocracy
1949Not FreeDemocracy
1950Not FreeDemocracy
1951Not FreeDemocracy
1952Not FreeDemocracy
1953Not FreeDemocracy
1954Not FreeAnocracy
1955Not FreeAnocracy
1956Not FreeAnocracy
1957Not FreeAnocracy
1958Not FreeAnocracy
1959Not FreeAnocracy
1960Not FreeDemocracy
1961Not FreeDemocracy
1962Not FreeDemocracy
1963Not FreeDemocracy
1964Not FreeDemocracy
1965Not FreeDemocracy
1966Not FreeDemocracy
1967Not FreeDemocracy
1968Not FreeDemocracy
1969Not FreeDemocracy
1970Not FreeDemocracy
1971Not FreeAnocracy
1972Not FreeAnocracy
1973Not FreeDemocracy
1974Not FreeDemocracy
1975Not FreeDemocracy
1976Not FreeDemocracy
1977Not FreeDemocracy
1978Not FreeDemocracy
1979Not FreeDemocracy
1980Not FreeAnocracy
1981Not FreeAnocracy
1982Not FreeAnocracy
1983Not FreeDemocracy
1984Not FreeDemocracy
1985Not FreeDemocracy
1986Not FreeDemocracy
1987Not FreeDemocracy
1988Not FreeDemocracy
1989Not FreeDemocracy
1990Not FreeDemocracy
1991Not FreeDemocracy
1992Not FreeDemocracy
1993Not FreeDemocracy
1994Not FreeDemocracy
1995Not FreeDemocracy
1996Not FreeDemocracy
1997Not FreeDemocracy
1998Not FreeDemocracy
1999Not FreeDemocracy
2000Not FreeDemocracy
2001Not FreeDemocracy
2002Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2003Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2004Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2005Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2006Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2007Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2008Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2009Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2010Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2011Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2012Imperfectly FreeDemocracy

Media Freedom History in a Nutshell

  • Despite frequent and extended periods of democratic rule, media were restricted or directly controlled until 2002
  • Reforms aimed at gaining EU membership included changes that created a free media environment
  • While journalists are seldom killed or physically attacked, they are vulnerable to arrest and imprisonment; at the end of 2013, Turkey ...
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