Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Sri Lanka: 1948–2012

Sri Lanka: 1948–2012
Sri Lanka Year by Year
1948Not FreeDemocracy
1949Not FreeDemocracy
1950Not FreeDemocracy
1951Not FreeDemocracy
1952Not FreeDemocracy
1953Not FreeDemocracy
1954Not FreeDemocracy
1955Not FreeDemocracy
1956Not FreeDemocracy
1957Not FreeDemocracy
1958Not FreeDemocracy
1959Not FreeDemocracy
1960Not FreeDemocracy
1961Not FreeDemocracy
1962Not FreeDemocracy
1963Not FreeDemocracy
1964Not FreeDemocracy
1965Not FreeDemocracy
1966Not FreeDemocracy
1967Not FreeDemocracy
1968Not FreeDemocracy
1969Not FreeDemocracy
1970Not FreeDemocracy
1971Not FreeDemocracy
1972Not FreeDemocracy
1973Not FreeDemocracy
1974Not FreeDemocracy
1975Not FreeDemocracy
1976Not FreeDemocracy
1977Not FreeDemocracy
1978Not FreeDemocracy
1979Not FreeDemocracy
1980Not FreeDemocracy
1981Not FreeDemocracy
1982Not FreeAnocracy
1983Not FreeAnocracy
1984Not FreeAnocracy
1985Not FreeAnocracy
1986Not FreeAnocracy
1987Not FreeAnocracy
1988Not FreeAnocracy
1989Not FreeAnocracy
1990Not FreeAnocracy
1991Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1992Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1993Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1994 1995Imperfectly Free Not FreeAnocracy Anocracy
1996Not FreeAnocracy
1997Not FreeAnocracy
1998Not FreeAnocracy
1999Not FreeAnocracy
2000Not FreeAnocracy
2001Not FreeDemocracy
2002Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2003Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2004Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2005Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2006Not FreeDemocracy
2007Not FreeDemocracy
2008Not FreeDemocracy
2009Not FreeDemocracy
2010Not FreeAnocracy
2011Not FreeDemocracy
2012Not FreeAnocracy

Media Freedom History in a Nutshell

  • Ethnic conflict, frequently violent, between Tamil and Sinhalese ethnic groups has dominated Sri Lanka
  • Media freedom has briefly existed for short periods, but strict government control of media has been the norm
  • As of 2012, there were seventeen paid-for daily newspapers with a total average ...
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