• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Peru: 1948–2012
Peru: 1948–2012
Peru Year by Year
YearMediaGovernment
1948Not FreeAutocracy
1949Not FreeAutocracy
1950Not FreeAnocracy
1951Not FreeAnocracy
1952Not FreeAnocracy
1953Not FreeAnocracy
1954Not FreeAnocracy
1955Not FreeAnocracy
1956Not FreeAnocracy
1957Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1958Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1959Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1960Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1961Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1962Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
1963Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1964Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1965Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1966Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1967Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1968Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
1969Not FreeAutocracy
1970Not FreeAutocracy
1971Not FreeAutocracy
1972Not FreeAutocracy
1973Not FreeAutocracy
1974Not FreeAutocracy
1975Not FreeAutocracy
1976Not FreeAutocracy
1977Not FreeAutocracy
1978Not FreeAnocracy
1979Not FreeAnocracy
1980Not FreeDemocracy
1981Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1982Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1983Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1984Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1985Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1986Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1987Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1988Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1989Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1990Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1991Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1992Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1993Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1994Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1995Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1996Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
1997Not FreeAnocracy
1998Not FreeAnocracy
1999Not FreeAnocracy
2000Not FreeAnocracy
2001Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2002Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2003Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2004Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2005Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2006Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2007Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2008Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2009Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2010Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2011Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
2012Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
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