• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy.

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom is a new reference from CQ Press that brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II. It provides consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures.

The key information provided is designed to help researchers connect these historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures.

The reference covers three major areas

-introductory chapters discuss the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, operational definitions of media freedom, the challenges of compiling reliable measures, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison.

-the heart of the book includes alphabetical, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom paired with national media freedom measures over time. This is essential reading for researchers to connect the dots in understanding global media freedom.

-concluding material provides a detailed discussion of the historical patterns in media freedom, consideration of how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and discussion of the reliability of the information available on media freedom.

Accessible to both students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking new reference will be essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Pakistan: 1948–2012
Pakistan: 1948–2012
Pakistan Year by Year
YearMediaGovernment
1948Not FreeAnocracy
1949Not FreeAnocracy
1950Not FreeAnocracy
1951Not FreeAnocracy
1952Not FreeAnocracy
1953Not FreeAnocracy
1954Not FreeAnocracy
1955Not FreeAnocracy
1956Not FreeDemocracy
1957Not FreeDemocracy
1958Not FreeAutocracy
1959Not FreeAutocracy
1960Not FreeAutocracy
1961Not FreeAutocracy
1962Not FreeAnocracy
1963Not FreeAnocracy
1964Not FreeAnocracy
1965Not FreeAnocracy
1966Not FreeAnocracy
1967Not FreeAnocracy
1968Not FreeAnocracy
1969Not FreeAnocracy
1970Not FreeAnocracy
1971Not FreeAnocracy
1972Not FreeAnocracy
1973Not FreeDemocracy
1974Not FreeDemocracy
1975Not FreeDemocracy
1976Not FreeDemocracy
1977Not FreeAutocracy
1978Not FreeAutocracy
1979Not FreeAutocracy
1980Not FreeAutocracy
1981Not FreeAutocracy
1982Not FreeAutocracy
1983Not FreeAutocracy
1984Not FreeAutocracy
1985Not FreeAnocracy
1986Not FreeAnocracy
1987Not FreeAnocracy
1988Not FreeDemocracy
1989Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1990Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1991Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1992Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1993Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1994Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1995Imperfectly FreeDemocracy
1996Not FreeDemocracy
1997Not FreeDemocracy
1998Not FreeDemocracy
1999Not FreeAutocracy
2000Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
2001Imperfectly FreeAutocracy
2002Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2003Imperfectly FreeAnocracy
2004Not FreeAnocracy
2005Not FreeAnocracy
2006Not FreeAnocracy
2007Not FreeAnocracy
2008Not FreeAnocracy
2009Not FreeAnocracy
2010Not FreeDemocracy
2011Not FreeDemocracy
2012Not FreeDemocracy
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