Published annually since 1972, the Historic Documents series has made primary source research easy by presenting excerpts from documents on the important events of each year for the United States and the World. Each volume pairs 60 to 70 original background narratives with well over 100 documents to chronicle the major events of the year, from official reports and surveys to speeches from leaders and opinion makers, to court cases, legislation, testimony, and much more. Historic Documents is renowned for the well-written and informative background, history, and context it provides for each document. Organized chronologically, each volume covers the same wide range of topics: business, the economy and labor; energy, environment, science, technology, and transportation; government and politics; health and social services; international affairs; national security and terrorism; and rights and justice. Each volume begins with an insightful essay that sets the year’s events in context, and each document or group of documents is preceded by a comprehensive introduction that provides background information on the event. Full-source citations are provided. Readers have easy access to material through a detailed, thematic table of contents, and each event includes references to related coverage and documents from the last ten editions of the series.
Chapter : Britain Formally Exits the European Union : December 30 and December 31, 2020
Britain Formally Exits the European Union : December 30 and December 31, 2020
After years of negotiations and political maneuvering, the United Kingdom (UK) formally exited the European Union (EU) on January 31, 2020. Per the terms of the withdrawal agreement reached with the EU in 2020, this triggered a one-year transition period in which UK and EU officials were to develop a separate agreement governing trade and cooperation between the two entities. Negotiations proceeded slowly for much of the year, with key sticking points including the establishment of a level playing field for trade between the two sides as well as the management of fisheries in UK waters. Despite British prime minister ...