Published annually since 1972, the Historic Documents series has made primary source research easy by presenting excerpts from documents on the important events of each year for the United States and the World. Each volume pairs 60 to 70 original background narratives with well over 100 documents to chronicle the major events of the year, from official reports and surveys to speeches from leaders and opinion makers, to court cases, legislation, testimony, and much more. Historic Documents is renowned for the well-written and informative background, history, and context it provides for each document. Organized chronologically, each volume covers the same wide range of topics: business, the economy and labor; energy, environment, science, technology, and transportation; government and politics; health and social services; international affairs; national security and terrorism; and rights and justice. Each volume begins with an insightful essay that sets the year’s events in context, and each document or group of documents is preceded by a comprehensive introduction that provides background information on the event. Full-source citations are provided. Readers have easy access to material through a detailed, thematic table of contents, and each event includes references to related coverage and documents from the last ten editions of the series.
Chapter : COVID-19: States Respond to Public Health Emergency : February 29, March 1, March 22, and May 21, 2020
COVID-19: States Respond to Public Health Emergency : February 29, March 1, March 22, and May 21, 2020
Early response to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic was led by state and local leaders who issued states of emergency, mask mandates, and “stay-at-home” orders that shuttered nonessential businesses, schools, and transportation to prevent the spread of the virus.
In March and April, forty-two states issued orders for residents to stay at home except for essential activities, such as seeking medical care. Arkansas, Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota did not issue statewide orders stopping nonessential activities, while Oklahoma, Utah, and Wyoming left the decision to counties to issue stay-at-home restrictions. In some places, ...