Published annually since 1972, the Historic Documents series has made primary source research easy by presenting excerpts from documents on the important events of each year for the United States and the World. Each volume pairs 60 to 70 original background narratives with over 100 documents to chronicle the major events. Various records may include: • official reports • surveys • speeches from leaders and opinion makers • court cases • legislation • testimony • and much more Historic Documents is renowned for the well-written and informative background, history, and context it provides for each document. Organized chronologically, each volume covers the same wide range of topics: • business • the economy and labor • energy, environment, science, technology, and transportation • government and politics • health and social services • international affairs • national security and terrorism • rights and justice Each volume begins with an insightful essay that sets the year’s events in context, and each document or group of documents include: • a comprehensive introduction • background information on the event • full-source citations • easy access to material • detailed and thematic table of contents • references to related coverage • documents from the last ten editions of the series
Chapter : State Leaders Sign Stringent Abortion Legislation; Courts Weigh In : May 15, May 24, and October 29, 2019
State Leaders Sign Stringent Abortion Legislation; Courts Weigh In : May 15, May 24, and October 29, 2019
In 2019, a dozen states passed laws limiting the ability of women to seek an abortion. A majority of these were known as so-called heartbeat bills, which penalized doctors with fines, loss of licensure, and prison time for performing an abortion after a fetal heartbeat could be detected. The most stringent law passed was in Alabama, where the legislature did not use the heartbeat standard but instead banned all abortion, with exceptions only in instances of fatal fetal abnormality or when a mother’s life would be in danger if the pregnancy were carried ...