Guide to U.S. Health and Health Care Policy provides the analytical connections showing students how issues and actions are translated into public policies and institutions for resolving or managing healthcare issues and crises, such as the recent attempt to reform the national healthcare system. The Guide highlights the decision-making cycle that requires the cooperation of government, business, and an informed citizenry in order to achieve a comprehensive approach to advancing the nation's healthcare policies. Through 30 topical, operational, and relational essays, the book addresses the development of the U.S. healthcare system and policies, the federal agencies and public and private organizations that frame and administer those policies, and the challenges of balancing the nation's healthcare needs with the rising costs of medical research, cost-effective treatment, and adequate health insurance.
Key Features: 30 topical essays investigate the fundamental political, social, economic, and procedural initiatives that drive health and health care policy decisions affecting Americans at the local, regional, and national levels.; Essential themes traced throughout the chapters include providing access to healthcare, national and international intervention, nutrition and health, human and financial resource allocation, freedom of religion versus public policy, discrimination and healthcare policy, universal healthcare coverage, private healthcare versus publicly funded healthcare, and the immediate and long-term costs associated with disease prevention, treatment, and health maintenance.; A Glossary of Key Healthcare Policy Terms and Events, a Selected Master Bibliography, and a thorough Index are included.
This must-have reference for political science and public policy students who seek to understand the issues affecting health care policy in the U.S. is suitable for academic, public, high school, government, and professional libraries.
Chapter 5: The Food and Drug Administration (1962–Present)
The Food and Drug Administration (1962–Present)
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is one of the most powerful and recognized regulatory agencies in the world. The agency has a mission to protect the public health through a broad range of responsibilities that include the regulation of food, drugs, cosmetics, dietary supplements, medical devices, vaccines, and other biological products. The agency also recently received new authority for regulating tobacco products.
The rationale for FDA regulation is one of asymmetric information. Because the attributes, purity, and quality of these products are difficult to observe, consumers and physicians may lack information needed to make informed choices among products and firms may lack sufficient incentives to invest in product quality. To address these ...