Guide to U.S. Health and Health Care Policy provides the analytical connections showing students how issues and actions are translated into public policies and institutions for resolving or managing healthcare issues and crises, such as the recent attempt to reform the national healthcare system. The Guide highlights the decision-making cycle that requires the cooperation of government, business, and an informed citizenry in order to achieve a comprehensive approach to advancing the nation's healthcare policies. Through 30 topical, operational, and relational essays, the book addresses the development of the U.S. healthcare system and policies, the federal agencies and public and private organizations that frame and administer those policies, and the challenges of balancing the nation's healthcare needs with the rising costs of medical research, cost-effective treatment, and adequate health insurance.
Key Features: 30 topical essays investigate the fundamental political, social, economic, and procedural initiatives that drive health and health care policy decisions affecting Americans at the local, regional, and national levels.; Essential themes traced throughout the chapters include providing access to healthcare, national and international intervention, nutrition and health, human and financial resource allocation, freedom of religion versus public policy, discrimination and healthcare policy, universal healthcare coverage, private healthcare versus publicly funded healthcare, and the immediate and long-term costs associated with disease prevention, treatment, and health maintenance.; A Glossary of Key Healthcare Policy Terms and Events, a Selected Master Bibliography, and a thorough Index are included.
This must-have reference for political science and public policy students who seek to understand the issues affecting health care policy in the U.S. is suitable for academic, public, high school, government, and professional libraries.
Chapter 27: Continuing Challenges of Infectious Disease (1980s–Present)
In 1980, public health professionals were optimistic that the major infectious diseases that had been responsible for serious morbidity and mortality in the Unites States had been controlled. The important contagious diseases of infants and young children, including diphtheria, pertussis, measles, and polio, had been controlled with effective vaccines. Many potentially serious bacterial infections that caused gastrointestinal infections, sepsis, or bacterial meningitis could be effectively treated with an array of antibiotics. Even though treatment sometimes failed because it was ineffective or the infecting bacteria were resistant to the drug, treatment was usually helpful.
The early successes in controlling infectious diseases had prompted the U.S. Surgeon General Dr. William Stewart (in ...