Guide to U.S. Health and Health Care Policy provides the analytical connections showing students how issues and actions are translated into public policies and institutions for resolving or managing healthcare issues and crises, such as the recent attempt to reform the national healthcare system. The Guide highlights the decision-making cycle that requires the cooperation of government, business, and an informed citizenry in order to achieve a comprehensive approach to advancing the nation's healthcare policies. Through 30 topical, operational, and relational essays, the book addresses the development of the U.S. healthcare system and policies, the federal agencies and public and private organizations that frame and administer those policies, and the challenges of balancing the nation's healthcare needs with the rising costs of medical research, cost-effective treatment, and adequate health insurance.
Key Features: 30 topical essays investigate the fundamental political, social, economic, and procedural initiatives that drive health and health care policy decisions affecting Americans at the local, regional, and national levels.; Essential themes traced throughout the chapters include providing access to healthcare, national and international intervention, nutrition and health, human and financial resource allocation, freedom of religion versus public policy, discrimination and healthcare policy, universal healthcare coverage, private healthcare versus publicly funded healthcare, and the immediate and long-term costs associated with disease prevention, treatment, and health maintenance.; A Glossary of Key Healthcare Policy Terms and Events, a Selected Master Bibliography, and a thorough Index are included.
This must-have reference for political science and public policy students who seek to understand the issues affecting health care policy in the U.S. is suitable for academic, public, high school, government, and professional libraries.
Chapter 11: Evolution of Health Planning (1920s–1970s)
Evolution of Health Planning (1920s–1970s)
Exploring the history of health planning in the United States serves at least three purposes: it exhibits features of policymaking that broadly characterized health care from the early twentieth century into the 1970s; it suggests how skepticism of government and commitment to markets ushered in new approaches; and, in the most recent period, it shows how altered policy contexts have created new settings for planning.1 Planning ideas extend back into the 1920s; then gained influence in health care during the 1940s; took wing as a coalition-secured passage of the federal Hill-Burton Act (1946), which prepared the ground for a postwar expansion of the hospital sector; and flourished during the 1960s and 1970s as health care ...