• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Guide to U.S. Health and Health Care Policy provides the analytical connections showing students how issues and actions are translated into public policies and institutions for resolving or managing healthcare issues and crises, such as the recent attempt to reform the national healthcare system. The Guide highlights the decision-making cycle that requires the cooperation of government, business, and an informed citizenry in order to achieve a comprehensive approach to advancing the nation's healthcare policies. Through 30 topical, operational, and relational essays, the book addresses the development of the U.S. healthcare system and policies, the federal agencies and public and private organizations that frame and administer those policies, and the challenges of balancing the nation's healthcare needs with the rising costs of medical research, cost-effective treatment, ...

Budgeting and Health Care Policy (1970s–Present)
Budgeting and health care policy (1970s–present)
Roy T.Meyers

The creation of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965 put health policy on the path to becoming the largest category in the federal budget. The federal government had long been involved in various activities to promote health; for example, spending on facilities for veterans’ medical care began early in the nineteenth century. By 1953, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953–1961) created the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW), the federal government regularly conducted public health investigations, regulated food safety, financed hospital construction and medical education, and made grants for biomedical research.

Of course, periodically during the twentieth century, Congress and the president considered but rejected establishing a national health insurance system. The legislative breakthrough ...

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