Great Powers and World Order encourages critical thinking about the nature of world order by presenting the historical information and theoretical concepts needed to make projections about the global future. Charles W. Kegley and Gregory Raymond ask students to compare retrospective cases and formulate their own hypotheses about not only the causes of war, but also the consequences of peace settlements. Historical case studies open a window to see what strategies for constructing world order were tried before, why one course of action was chosen over another, and how things turned out. By moving back and forth in each case study between history and theory, rather than treating them as separate topics, the authors hope to situate the assumptions, causal claims, and policy prescriptions of different schools of thought within the temporal domains in which they took root, giving the reader a better sense of why policy makers embraced a particular view of world order instead of an alternative vision.

World War I and the Versailles Settlement

World War I and the versailles settlement

How fortunate we are to be living on this first day of the 20th century! Let us make a wish that as the 19th century vanishes into the abyss of time, it takes away all the idiotic hatreds and recriminations that have saddened our days.

—Le Figaro, French newspaper, January 1, 1900

A spirit of optimism pervaded Europe at the dawn of the twentieth century. The marriage of science and industry produced one technological marvel after another; medical advances promised longer, healthier lives; and the exponential growth of international commerce generated extraordinary wealth, particularly for those in high society. The Exposition Universelle (Paris Exposition) of 1900 exemplified this buoyant mood, displaying moving walkways, ...

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