• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Known for its brevity and student-friendly approach, Essential Statistics for Public Managers and Policy Analysts remains one of the most popular introductory books on statistics for public policy and public administration students, using carefully selected examples tailored specifically for them. The Fourth Edition continues to offer a conceptual understanding of statistics that can be applied readily to the real-life challenges of public administrators and policy analysts. The book provides examples from the areas of human resources management, organizational behavior, budgeting, and public policy to illustrate how public administrators interact with and analyze data. The text may be paired with the workbook Exercising Essential Statistics, Fourth Edition to help students apply each statistical technique introduced in the text. Click here to see more information about the workbook. Use bundle ISBN: 978-1-5063-7366-9.

Contingency Tables
Contingency Tables
Chapter Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to

  • Create, interpret, and analyze contingency tables
  • Understand the concept of a statistical relationship
  • Discuss relationships in contingency tables
  • Explain how pivot tables differ from contingency tables
  • Generate pivot tables
  • Transpose variables in pivot tables

After individual variables have been analyzed and results reported, analysts often turn to questions about relationships between variables. The study of relationships between two variables is called bivariate ...

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