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United Farm Workers of America
Initially intended to bring the benefits of union contracts to roughly three million agricultural laborers across the United States, in practical terms, the United Farm Workers of America (UFWA) has had little presence outside of California, with occasional work in neighboring western states. Chartered as a full member of the AFL-CIO in 1972, UFWA grew out of a merger of two previous organizations, National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), organized in 1962 by César Estrada Chávez, Antonio Orendain, Gil Padilla, and Dolores Huerta, and Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC), led in 1965 by Larry Itliong.
AWOC had been put together in 1959 by the AFL-CIO, incorporating the earlier National Agricultural Workers Union and the Filipino Farm Labor Union. NFWA, initiated by Chávez after a period working with ...