Proposition 8 (California, 2008)

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  • Proposition 8, the California Marriage Protection Act, was a 2008 amendment to the California state constitution that defined marriage as legitimate only when it is between a man and a woman. The ballot initiative began as a response to a California Supreme Court decision in May 2008 that interpreted the constitution as allowing same-sex marriage. This decision overturned the earlier California Defense of Marriage Act, passed as Proposition 22 in 2000. During the next five months, eighteen thousand same-sex couples were legally wed. The new proposition received 52 percent of the total votes and was enacted in November 2008.

    The amendment was officially sponsored by, Focus on the Family, the National Organization for Marriage, and other conservative political groups. On the other side, Equality for ...

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