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Polygamy in the American West is usually associated with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) in the nineteenth century and with splinter groups, sometimes referred to as fundamentalist Mormons. While technically Mormons practiced polygyny (a man married to more than one wife), they use the generic terms polygamy or plural marriage. While the principle was an LDS Church tenet, some historians estimate that only 20 to 30 percent of Mormon families were polygamist. The number varied over the years and by community. The LDS Church ended the practice with the Manifesto in 1890, though the persistence of the practice within the church's hierarchy necessitated a Second Manifesto in 1904. Groups such as the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (FLDS) ...

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