North American Free Trade Agreement (1994)

Andrew Braun

In: Encyclopedia of Politics of the American West

North American Free Trade Agreement (1994)

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  • The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a free trade agreement negotiated between Mexico, the United States, and Canada. This agreement was the culmination of decades of trade agreements among the three nations. These agreements included the Canada-United States Auto Pact in 1965, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and the Canadian-United States Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) in 1989. NAFTA has become the standard bearer for free trade supporters. After the successes of NAFTA, free trade agreements were negotiated with South Korea, Colombia, and Panama, though these treaties have been stalled in Congress for quite some time.

    The United States and Mexico comprised the original negotiating parties for the agreement. Canada feared its recently gained trade concessions were threatened by the new agreement ...

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