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Arizona's growth is the story of a wealth of resources—copper, cattle, cotton, and climate—and how they have been used and how they have shaped the progression of the region. In addition, new historians have moved beyond Arizona's physical environment to consider the state's place in the twenty-first century. As one of the youngest states, Arizona has unique patterns of migration and political development as it moves from a rural to an urban focus.

Federal, State, Local, and Tribal Government Roles

Arizona became a territory when President Abraham Lincoln signed the Organic Act on February 24, 1863, reapportioning land that had belonged to New Mexico. Previously, the land that became Arizona had been part of Mexico.

The pattern of governance of the Arizona Territory was a combination of federal ...

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