Many actors—from the president and members of Congress to interest groups, NGOs, and the media—compete to shape U.S. foreign policy. The new fifth edition captures this strategic interplay using 15 real-world cases, of which four are brand new: the death of Osama bin Laden and the use of targeted assassinations, nonproliferation policy and the U.S.–India nuclear agreement, the U.S. reaction to Egypt's collision with the Arab Spring, and the surprise asylum request of blind Chinese dissident Chen Guangcheng. Fully updated to cover the Obama administration, all cases have been revised to reflect recent developments. Whether grappling with use-of-force questions, the international financial crisis, legal and human rights, trade issues, multilateral approaches to the nuclear programs of North Korea and Iran, or climate change, Carter's engaging case study approach encourages students to question motives, consider alternatives, and analyze outcomes.
Chapter 3: Executive Decisions and Preventive War: Strategies of Intervention and Withdrawal in Iraq (2003–2011)
Executive Decisions and Preventive War: Strategies of Intervention and Withdrawal in Iraq (2003–2011)
Before You Begin
- What is the “imperial presidency” model, and what are its implications for U.S. foreign policy making?
- Why did the Bush administration decide to invade Iraq and topple Saddam Hussein in 2003? What were the justifications for a preemptive war against Iraq, and how well has this stood the test of time?
- What leaders were particularly influential in shaping the decision to invade Iraq, and what domestic opposition did they face?
- Why was it so difficult for Congress to have a significant impact on presidential plans for war?
- What links can you draw between the decision-making process and outcomes in ...