Case studies and campaign fundraising and spending figures from the 2018 midterm elections Influence of the #MeToo movement and unprecedented numbers of female activists and donors. Analysis of the Democratic takeover of the House of Representatives. The rise of super PACs and 501(c) organizations that exist for the sole purpose of advancing the career of an individual candidate and can raise money from sources and in amounts prohibited to the candidate The increased influence of wealthy individuals and groups on the conduct of congressional campaigns The use of social media and the Internet to raise money, communicate with voters, recruit volunteers, and pretest television ads Updated coverage of campaign strategy and communications includes the use of big data, microtargeting, and social media Introduction of new convenience voting methods in many states Introduction of other state reforms, such as redistricting commissions and California’s top-two primary system

Campaign Reform

Chapter 11 Campaign reform

Congress has come under fire in recent years for its inability to solve some of the nation’s most pressing problems, its perceived shortcomings in representing the public, and its failure to keep its own house in order. Gridlock, economic meltdowns, deficit spending, scandal, partisan polarization, and a belief among many that Congress has been captured by special interests have led to calls for congressional reform.1 Reformers have advocated a variety of changes, ranging from internal reforms, such as consolidating the authorizing committees that create federal programs with the appropriations committees that fund them, to term limits, which would restructure the political careers of national legislators and many seeking to join their ranks. Election reform falls somewhere between these measures: ...

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