Chronicling the highly partisan and polarized environment during the historic first term of President Barack Obama, Congress and the Nation 2009-2012 Volume XIII is the most authoritative reference on congressional law-making and trends during the 111th and 112th Congresses. The newest edition in this award-winning series documents the most fiercely debated issues during this period, including: Stimulus spending in the wake of financial crisis; The controversial reform of the U.S. healthcare system; Showdowns over raising the national debt ceiling; Extensions of tax cuts and unemployment compensation; Confirmation of two new female members of the U.S. Supreme Court; Overhaul of financial industry regulations; Repeal of the “don't ask, don't tell” law banning openly gay armed forces personnel from military service
This acclaimed resource also covers the shift in partisan control of the U.S. House after the 2010 midterm election and the subsequent gridlock for lawmaking in the 112th Congress. Organized by policy area, each chapter summarizes the legislative activity, including a chronology and legislative history of the bills passed and the major provisions of the final laws.
No other source guides readers seamlessly through the policy output of the national legislature with the breadth, depth, and authority of Congress and the Nation. This must-have reference for all academic libraries meets the needs of the full spectrum of users, from lower-level undergraduates through researchers and faculty.
Chapter 7: Energy and Environment
Energy and Environment
- Introduction 363
- Chronology of Action on Energy and Environment 366 [Page 362]
Barack Obama's election in 2008 appeared to promise a dramatic shift from the environmental and energy policies his predecessor, President George W. Bush. Whereas Bush had ties to the oil and gas industry, Obama spoke often ...