Challenges for America in the Middle East offers a comprehensive and contemporary analysis of the foreign policy challenges the United States faces in the Middle East. It takes a close look at the critical policy dilemmas posed by radical Islam, the Arab Spring, the Shia Crescent, and Israel–#x2013;Palestine relations. Authors Richard W. Mansbach and Kirsten L. Taylor examine the issues from a historical perspective and in the context of the current state of affairs, and analyze options for future action. Throughout the text, they emphasize the interplay of foreign and domestic issues in the United States and overseas, and show how that interplay shapes American policy towards the region.

Early American Relations with Iran and Iraq
Early American Relations with Iran and Iraq

This first chapter in Part IV focuses on the evolution of Iran and Iraq, the major Shia states in the Middle East. It examines Iran’s tumultuous relations with the United States and its allies from the discovery of oil in Iran and describes Anglo–American efforts to overthrow Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadeq, and U.S. support for Iran’s shah until the 1979 Iranian revolution and subsequent hostage crisis. It also describes the founding of Iraq after World War I and American relations with that country before and after the revolution that ended the monarchy, the rise of Saddam Hussein, and Saddam’s disastrous war with Iran during the 1980s.

American policies toward Iran and Iraq ...

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