Challenges for America in the Middle East offers a comprehensive and contemporary analysis of the foreign policy challenges the United States faces in the Middle East. It takes a close look at the critical policy dilemmas posed by radical Islam, the Arab Spring, the Shia Crescent, and Israel–#x2013;Palestine relations. Authors Richard W. Mansbach and Kirsten L. Taylor examine the issues from a historical perspective and in the context of the current state of affairs, and analyze options for future action. Throughout the text, they emphasize the interplay of foreign and domestic issues in the United States and overseas, and show how that interplay shapes American policy towards the region.
Chapter 7: America and the War on Terror
Chapter 7 opens with a discussion of America’s War on Terror and the changing nature of the terrorist threat. It describes the erosion of al-Qaeda’s capabilities and the emergence of regionally based al-Qaeda affiliates around the world. Among the most dangerous are al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, a group centered in Yemen that seeks to strike the American homeland; al-Shabab in Somalia; al-Qaeda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb in North Africa; and Boko Haram in Nigeria. The chapter then examines how al-Qaeda in Iraq was transformed into the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (called ISIS, as well as ISIL and Daesh). Taking advantage of civil strife in Iraq and Syria, ...