Challenges for America in the Middle East offers a comprehensive and contemporary analysis of the foreign policy challenges the United States faces in the Middle East. It takes a close look at the critical policy dilemmas posed by radical Islam, the Arab Spring, the Shia Crescent, and Israel–#x2013;Palestine relations. Authors Richard W. Mansbach and Kirsten L. Taylor examine the issues from a historical perspective and in the context of the current state of affairs, and analyze options for future action. Throughout the text, they emphasize the interplay of foreign and domestic issues in the United States and overseas, and show how that interplay shapes American policy towards the region.
Part II: Radical Islam
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, on New York’s World Trade Center and the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., changed U.S. foreign policy with dramatic suddenness. America’s foe challenged not only American security and its presence in the Middle East but also its basic values—democracy, secularism, capitalism, and modernity. The end of the Cold War had produced uncertainty about American objectives in what President George H. W. Bush termed “the new world order” characterized by superpower cooperation and the spread of liberal American values worldwide. Francis Fukuyama wrote of “the end of history,” entailing “the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy,” “an unabashed victory of economic and political liberalism,” and the “triumph of the West, ...