Students love good stories. That is why case studies are such a powerful way to engage students while teaching them about concepts fundamental to the study of international relations. Cases in International Relations helps students understand the context of headline events in the international arena. Organized into three main parts—military, economic, and human security—the book's fifteen cases examine enduring and emerging issues from the longstanding Arab-Israeli conflict to the rapidly changing field of cyber-security. Compatible with a variety of theoretical perspectives, the cases consider a dispute's origins, issue development, and resolution so that readers see the underlying dynamics of state behavior and can try their hand at applying theory.
Chapter 8: Organizing World Trade
Organizing World Trade
Widespread agreement exists that free trade is the best way to organize international trade. This consensus reflects both contemporary and historical conditions. Free trade is central to the operation of today's globalized economy, which requires the unrestricted movement of people, goods, services, money, and ideas across national borders. The absence of free trade and the popularity of state-controlled trade policies are also seen as having contributed to the Great Depression of the 1930s, which produced widespread poverty and suffering among people around the world, and to the rise of fascism. Often overlooked, however, are two important points about free trade. First, free trade is not the only option open to policymakers in constructing their international economic policies. A variety of ...