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Chapter 14: Governing the Global Commons of the Arctic
In this chapter we examine the challenges of cooperating on a pathway that is still very much under construction. Our concern is with the Arctic, a region that for two very different reasons has long lacked any clear set of international rules promoting cooperation among states or limiting conflict between countries operating within its boundaries. First, in the past the Arctic was considered a remote geographic area of little economic value, so countries had little reason to be interested in it. Second, flying over the Arctic or going underneath its waters constituted the shortest route for Russian and American missiles and submarines to reach each other's territory.
These reasons are no longer valid. ...