NEW AND KEY FEATURES: Updated to reflect developments up through the end of the Obama administration and the transition to the Trump administration offering timelier application of the theories to what is currently happening in bureaucratic politics. Interviews with two new cabinet secretaries – Christine Todd Whitman and Tom Ridge – with insightful quotes from them throughout the book. New section on the diffusion of policy diffusion, an important topic both for researchers and policymakers, illustrates the idea that much policy is made at the state level, and that states learn and emulate one another on a range of issues. Added material on the battle over regulations, a battle that will loom large during the Trump administration, including midnight regulations and the Congressional Review Act. New examples demonstrate the activity and influence of constituencies of different kinds including the placing of women and minorities on US currency, a vignette that features the musical Hamilton, and the political protests surrounding the Dakota Access and Keystone XL pipelines. A new discussion of the pros and cons of the privatization of roads.

Bureaucratic Reasoning

2 Bureaucratic reasoning

When a state child care inspector visits a day care center and finds some routine problems, it is relatively easy to know what to do. Consider, for example, the following hypothetical scenario presented to child care inspectors in Colorado, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania.

You visit the Little Flower Day Care Center for a renewal visit and discover that one of the toilets is overflowing onto the bathroom floor. The center director is already aware of the situation and has called a plumber. Before you leave, the plumber has arrived and fixed the problem.

A majority of inspectors in each of the four states would talk with the director; a majority in three of the four states would place a record in ...

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