NEW AND KEY FEATURES: Updated to reflect developments up through the end of the Obama administration and the transition to the Trump administration offering timelier application of the theories to what is currently happening in bureaucratic politics. Interviews with two new cabinet secretaries – Christine Todd Whitman and Tom Ridge – with insightful quotes from them throughout the book. New section on the diffusion of policy diffusion, an important topic both for researchers and policymakers, illustrates the idea that much policy is made at the state level, and that states learn and emulate one another on a range of issues. Added material on the battle over regulations, a battle that will loom large during the Trump administration, including midnight regulations and the Congressional Review Act. New examples demonstrate the activity and influence of constituencies of different kinds including the placing of women and minorities on US currency, a vignette that features the musical Hamilton, and the political protests surrounding the Dakota Access and Keystone XL pipelines. A new discussion of the pros and cons of the privatization of roads.

The Politics of Disaster Management

6 The politics of disaster management

Many bureaucratic decisions involve the application of standard operating procedures to routine situations. For example, when inspectors at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conduct reviews of pesticide labels, these reviews are guided by a three-page inspection checklist.1 Among other things, the checklist reminds inspectors to scrutinize labels for the name of the manufacturer, the company’s EPA registration number, and the statement of product ingredients. In general, pesticide inspections entail clear chains of command and established patterns of interaction among agency officials, manufacturers, and other relevant parties.

Contrast all of this regularity with EPA decision making in the area of climate change. No EPA office has sole jurisdiction over the agency’s policy response to this threat ...

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