NEW AND KEY FEATURES: Updated to reflect developments up through the end of the Obama administration and the transition to the Trump administration offering timelier application of the theories to what is currently happening in bureaucratic politics. Interviews with two new cabinet secretaries – Christine Todd Whitman and Tom Ridge – with insightful quotes from them throughout the book. New section on the diffusion of policy diffusion, an important topic both for researchers and policymakers, illustrates the idea that much policy is made at the state level, and that states learn and emulate one another on a range of issues. Added material on the battle over regulations, a battle that will loom large during the Trump administration, including midnight regulations and the Congressional Review Act. New examples demonstrate the activity and influence of constituencies of different kinds including the placing of women and minorities on US currency, a vignette that features the musical Hamilton, and the political protests surrounding the Dakota Access and Keystone XL pipelines. A new discussion of the pros and cons of the privatization of roads.
Chapter 5: Bureaucratic Networks
On september 28, 2016, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a regulation prohibiting nursing homes that receive federal funding from requiring residents to resolve complaints via arbitration rather than in court.1 This regulation, which applies to about 1.5 million nursing home residents, is designed to prevent what happened after a woman with Alzheimer’s disease was sexually assaulted by residents at a nursing home in Lemon Grove, California. Family members seeking to sue the nursing home in court were denied that opportunity due to an arbitration clause that had been signed when the woman was admitted.2 Arbitration is less costly than going to court, and the nursing home industry has warned that banning the ban on litigation will ...